Containers are widely used in the import and export of goods. Here are some common knowledge about container freight:
1. Container (container)
The so-called container refers to a large loading container which has special strength, rigidity and specifications for special purpose. The use of containers to transport goods can be loaded directly in the consignor's warehouse and transported to the warehouse of the consignee. When the car is replaced, the goods are not removed from the box. According to the types of goods installed, there are grocery containers, bulk containers, liquid cargo containers, refrigerated containers, etc. according to the manufacturing materials, there are wood containers, steel containers, aluminum alloy containers, FRP containers, stainless steel containers, etc. according to the structure, there are folded containers, fixed containers, etc. The fixed container can also be divided into closed container, open top container, board container and so on. According to the total weight, there are 30 tons of containers, 20 tons of containers, 10 tons of containers, 5 tons of containers, 2.5 tons of containers and so on.
Two. Container external dimensions (container's overall external dimensions)
The maximum length, width and size of containers outside the container including permanent accessories. It is the main parameter to determine whether containers can be reloaded between ships, chassis trucks, freight cars and railway vehicles. It is an important technical data that must be mastered by all transport departments.
Three. Internal dimensions of containers (container's internal dimensions)
The maximum length, width and high size of the container. The height is the bottom distance from the bottom of the box to the top of the top plate, the distance between the two inner lining plates and the distance between the inner plate of the box door and the inner lining plate of the end wall. It determines the volume of containers and the maximum size of goods in containers.
Four. Container internal volume (container's unobstructed capacity)
Loading volume calculated according to the size of the container. Due to the difference in structure and manufacturing material, the content of container of the same specification is slightly different. Container volume is an important technical material that must be mastered by the material department or other packing people.
Five. Container computing unit (twenty-feet equivalent units: TEU)
Also known as the conversion unit of 20 feet, is the conversion unit for calculating the number of containers. At present, most of the container transport in most countries use two containers of 20 feet and 40 feet. In order to integrate the number of container boxes, the 20 foot container is used as a unit of calculation and the 40 - foot container is used as the two computing unit to calculate the operating volume of the container.
Six. Container lease (container leasing)
That is, all persons hire empty containers to a user's business. The owner of the container is the party who leases the container, and the user, generally the shipping company or the cargo owner, is the party who leases the container. The two parties sign a lease contract. The qualified container provided by the lessor shall be used by the lessee within the agreed scope. There are many different ways to lease containers in the world, which include: distance rent, term rent, current rent and stop rent in the shipping area.
Seven. The container loading area (container terminal)
It is the specific handling department in container transportation, container or cargo handling exchange custody. It is entrusted by the carrier or his agent to carry out the following businesses:
The exchange and storage of the whole container freight;
Container terminals are responsible for the transfer of LCL cargo.
Arrange berthing, loading and unloading of container ships, and prepare stowage plans for each voyage.
Handling and signing of the relevant documents;
To prepare and sign the relevant documents for the access and circulation of containers.
Handling inspection and maintenance of containers and vehicles, loading and unloading tools, and cleaning and fumigation of empty containers.
The delivery, storage and storage of empty boxes.
Arrange the stacking of empty and heavy containers in the yard, and plan the site allocation.
Other related business work.
The container loading and unloading area is generally composed of special wharf, frontier, yard, freight station, command tower, repair department, gate and office. Sometimes a storage yard or freight station can extend to a 5-15 km transit station within the urban area.
Eight. The front yard of the container (marshalling yard)
It refers to the site where containers are temporarily stacked in order to speed up the loading and unloading operations in front of container terminals. The effect is that when the container ships arrive at the port, the export containers are arranged in order in order and in order, and the imported containers are temporarily stacked in front of the dock to accelerate the loading and unloading operations of the ships.
Nine. The rear yard of the container (container yard)
A container carrying heavy containers or empty containers for transfer, storage and storage. In some countries, the container yard is not divided into the front yard or the rear yard, which is collectively referred to as the yard. Container rear yard is an integral part of container loading and unloading area. It is the place where the whole containers are handed over (actually handed over at the "gate" of the container unloading area) in the "on-site" mode of container transportation.
Ten. Empty box yard (Van pool)
It specializes in the collection, storage, storage or transfer of empty containers. It is specially set up for container loading area or transfer station yard. This yard does not handle heavy boxes or delivery of goods. It can be operated separately or by container loading area outside the area. In some countries, such empty container yard should be sent to the shipping association.